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KENDO FUNDEMENTALS

- Nihon Kendo Kata (3 sessions)
- Shinpan Scenarios (2 sessions)
- Basic Seme Techniques
- Shikake Waza and Ouji Waza (2 sessions)
- Proper Donning and Care of Kendo Equipment
- Sword Handling
- Instructing the Beginners
- Other instruction as appropriate for session

HAWAII KENDO KENKYU KAI

www.hawaiikendo.com/Kenkyukai/index.htm

CONTENTS
While this booklet is not an authoritative literature of Kendo, it should facilitate the monthly sessions of Hawai'i Kendo Kenkyu Kai as a point of reference and as a memo to keep personal notes. Contents will be revised periodically and other themes will be added in the future. Please direct questions, comments and suggestions to Dick Y. Teshima.

This HTML file was first installed on February 8, 2000.


NIHON KENDO KATA
Rev. October, 2002
BRIEF HISTORY

VALUES

PREMISES

GENERAL KEY POINTS

GOGYO NO KAMAE
CHUDAN NO KAMAE (WATER)

JODAN NO KAMAE (FIRE)

GEDAN NO KAMAE (EARTH)

HASSO NO KAMAE (WOOD)

WAKIGAMAE (GOLD)

SAHO (PROTOCOL) BEFORE AND AFTER TACHIAI

#1 IPPONME (TACHI)


#2 NIHONME (TACHI)

#3 SANBONME (TACHI)

#4 YONHONME (TACHI)

#5 GOHONME (TACHI)

#6 ROPPONME (TACHI)

#7 NANAHONME (TACHI)

KODACHI NO KAMAE

#1 IPPONME (KODACHI)

#2 NIHONME (KODACHI)

#3 SANBONME (KODACHI)

REFERENCES

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KENDO SHINPAN SCENARIOS
Rev. February 1999
PREMISES AND ASSUMPTIONS

BASIC TECHNIQUE

AN UPDATE

 

Sex Jr High High Sch Univ/Adult
Length M/F =< 114 cm =< 117 cm =< 120 cm
Weight M >= 440 g >= 480 g >= 510 g
F >= 400 g >= 420 g >= 440 g
Diameter M >= 25 mm >= 26 mm >= 26 mm
F >= 24 mm >= 25 mm >= 25 mm
ITTO

Sex DAITO SHOTO
Length M/F =< 114 cm =< 62 cm
Weight M >= 440 g 280 - 300 g
F >= 400 g 250 - 280 g
Diameter M >= 25 mm >= 24 mm
F >= 24 mm >= 24 mm
NITO

 

YUKO DATOTSU: WHAT THE RULES SAY
DATOTSU COUNTS IF


FULL SPIRIT AND PROPER SHISEI MEANS

ACCURATE STRIKE MEANS

DATOTSU DOES NOT COUNT IF

SCENARIOS: WHAT THE RULES MEAN
AIUCHI MEN

KENSEN ON THE FRONT AND CHEKING THE ATTACKER

HIKI DO vs ATOUCHI MEN

DEGOTE NOT CLEARLY VISIBLE

MEN KAESHI DO NOT CLEARLY VISIBLE

ILLEGAL TSUBAZERIAI

TIMING OF WAKARE

JOGAI

SHINAI OTOSHI

FALLING

OTHER SCENAIROS

PENALTIES (BASSOKU)

EFFECT OF SHINPAN ON COMPETITORS AND KENDO IN GENERAL

HANTEI

REFERENCES

KIHON, UCHIKOMI, KAKARI GEIKO, KIRIKAESHI
Rev. February 1999
PURPOSE

STEPS TO KIHON WAZA

MEN UCHI

KOTE UCHI

MIGI-DO UCHI

TSUKI

UCHIKOMI HATTOKU (EIGHT BENEFITS)

UCHIKOMI PROCEDURE

UCHIKOMI vs KAKARI GEIKO

KAKARI GEIKO PROCEDURE

KIRIKAESHI KEY POINTS

MOTODACHI

KIRIKAESHI PROCEDURE

PRACTICE PHASES

REFERENCES

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BASIC SEME TECHNIQUES
Rev. January 2000
SEMEAI

WHEN DATOTSU IS OFTEN EFFECTIVE

DEFLECTING THE KENSEN

APPLICATIONS

REFERENCES

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SHIKAKE WAZA AND OUJI WAZA
Rev. January 2000
PREMISES

SHIKAKE WAZA
HARAI WAZA

RENZOKU WAZA

DEBANA WAZA

HIKI WAZA

OUJI WAZA
SURIAGE WAZA

KAESHI WAZA

UCHIOTOSHI WAZA

NUKI WAZA

REFERENCES


KENDO-GI, HAKAMA AND KENDO-GU: PROPER DONNING AND CARE
Rev. January 2000
PREMISES

KENDO-GI AND HAKAMA

CARE OF KENDO-GI AND HAKAMA

SHINAI


WEARING AND CARE OF KENDO-GU

REFERENCES

SWORD HANDLING: REIHO, SAHO, TOUHO
Rev. January 2000
KATANA

REIHO

MAIN PARTS OF KATANA
KOSHIRAE

TOUSHIN

TOUHO


ZEN-NIHON KENDO RENMEI (ZNKR) "SEITEI" IAI

IPPONME "MAE"

REFERENCES
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INSTRUCTING THE BEGINNERS
Rev. January 2000
GENERAL BENEFITS OF KENDO TRAINING

BASIC UNDERSTANDINGS

ABOUT DOJO

PRELIMINARY STEPS AND PREMISES

ABOUT REI

ABOUT SEIZA

STEP 1: POSTURE, SONKYO, KAMAE

STEP 2: ASHISABAKI (FOOTWORK)

STEP 3: STATIONARY SHOMEN UCHI

STEP 4: OKURI ASHI SHOMEN UCHI

STEP 5: FUMIKOMI ASHI SHOMEN UCHI

STEP 6: KOTE UCHI, DO UCHI

STEP 7: UCHIKOMI GEIKO

STEP 9: KAKARI GEIKO

DOJO KUN: MOTTOS

REFERENCES

KENDO AND IAI ADAGES
Rev. January 2000
A-UN NO KOKYU
Lit. "A-UN breathing." A and UN comes from Sanskrit language. A represents exhaling and UN represents inhaling. Synchronizing thoughts with the opponent.

BYOJOSHIN
Lit. "Calm mind." Maintain calmness and serenity at all times, without getting flustered, angry or upset. See HEIJYOSHIN.

CHAKIN SHIBORI
Slight squeezing of the CHAKIN napkin at tea ceremony. Describes the proper gripping of TSUKA when striking.

DOCHU SEI, SEICHU DO
Lit. "Within movement is calmness, within calmness is activity." When active, maintain calm mind; when still remain alert.

EN KYU KYO JAKU
Lit. "Slow; fast; strong; weak." KATA is enhanced with proper speed and strength.

ENZAN NO METSUKE
See METSUKE, ENZAN NO.

FUDOSHIN
Lit. "Unmoving mind." Unnerving, yet flexible, state of mind.

HEIJYOSHIN
Lit. "Ordinary mind." Maintain the usual state of mind. See BYOJOSHIN.

HOUSHIN
Lit. "Release the mind." Keep mind open, unobsessed, and free from distraction. See SHISHIN.

ICHI GAN, NI SOKU, SAN TAN, SHI RIKI
Lit. "One eyes; two feet; three tenacity; four strength." In the order of importance, (1) power of observation or perception, (2) footwork, (3) spirit or will, (4) technique or strength.

ICHIGO ICHIE
Lit. "One lifetime, one encounter." From tea ceremony. Master prepares the tea as if this is the only time he will serve this guest in his lifetime. Be serious, considerate, careful, and do your very best.

ISSHOUKENMEI
Lit. "Perform with all your life." Do one's best always. In ancient time, one lived the whole lifetime (KENMEI) working in one domain (ISSHO).

ISSOKU ITTO NO MA
Lit. "Distance of one step one sword." The distance at which the opponent can be struck in one step or his/her stike avoided by retreating one step. See MA, SANDAN NO.

ITTO WA BANTO TO KASHI, BANTO WA ITTO NI KISU
Lit. "One sword transforms into ten thousand swords, ten thousand swords return to one sword." From ITTO RYU. Many variations of techniques exist, but the ultimate winning blow is the fundamental one.

IWAO NO MI
Lit. "Body of a boulder." Unnerving stability of mind and body in the most trying situation.

JI-RI ITCHI
Lit. "action and theory are one." Technique and its logic must be applied together.

JO HA KYU
Lit. "Slow; burst; rapid." Stages of drawing the sword in IAI. Begin slowly while focusing on the opponent, gradually increase speed, then the tip of the sword leaves the scabbard rapidly.

KARAKASA NIGIRI
Lit. "Grasping of Chinese umbrella." Improper gripping of sword. KARAKASA is grasped tight with the whole hand, while sword should be held with the last two or three fingers only.

KATTE UTE; UTTE KATSUNA
Lit. "Win then strike, don't strike to win." Importance of overcoming opponent's KI, KEN and WAZA before striking. Avoid excessive unreasonable WAZA simply to capture a point. See SAN SATSU HO.

KEN KYO ICHINYO
Lit. "Sword and sitting are as one." KENDO and IAI are not separate.

KEN TAI ITCHI
Lit. "attacking and waiting are one." Be aware of counter attacks when attacking, and be able to capture opportunities while defending.

KEN ZEN ITCHI
Lit. "Sword and ZEN are one." Some Kendoists also study spiritual aspects through ZEN. Ultimate goals of KENDO and ZEN are the same.

KIKAI
Lit. "Opportunity." See YURUSANU TOKORO, MITTSU NO.

KI KEN TAI ITCHI
DATOTSU is effective when KI (KIAI), KEN (sword striking the DATOTSU BUI) and TAI (body, footwork) are united.

KISEN WO SEISURU
Lit. "Capture the first opportunity." Suppress the opponent at the verge of a WAZA.

KOKORO TADASHIKEREBA KEN MO MATA TADASHI
Lit. "With correct mind, sword will also be correct." Proper use of sword or the way of SAMURAI requires properly trained soul. From a poem by Toranosuke Shimada (1840): KEN WA KOKORO NARI; KOKORO TADASHI KARAZAREBA KEN MATA TADASHI KARAZU; KEN WO MANABAN TO HOSSUREBA, MAZU KOKORO YORI MANABU BESHI (Lit. "Sword is soul; improper soul makes improper sword; if one wishes to learn the sword, he must first study the soul.")

KOSHI WO IRERU
Lit. "Put the hip/waist in." Balance the stance with tension in the lower body, hip and back, with straight spine.

KOU BOU ITCHI
Lit. "Offense and defense are one." See KEN TAI ITCHI.

KOUKI
Lit. "Good opportunity." See YURUSANU TOKORO, MITTSU NO.

KURAI ZUME
Lit. "Seize with superior poise." Take superior position using strong spirit and proper posture without actually producing a WAZA. Refer to KENDO KATA TACHI #3.

MA, SANDAN NO
Lit. "Three levels of distances." CHIKA MA (close), ISSOKU ITTO NO MA, and TOUMA (far). MA or MAAI is the distance between competitors, including the notion of timing and perceived distance; TEKI YORI TOOKU, WARE YORI CHIKAI (lit. "Far for opponent, near from me") is the essence of MA.

MEIKYO SHISUI
Lit. "Polished mirror, still water." Calm tranquil mind can reflect opponent's thoughts like a mirror or still water surface that faithfully reflects the image of the moon. Disturbed mind is unable to reflect accurately.

METSUKE, ENZAN NO
Lit. "Sighting faraway mountain." Observe opponent as if looking at a faraway mountain, not focusing on individual trees, so that the whole is visible.

METSUKE, KAN KEN NO
Lit. "Perceiving and looking eyes." From Musashi. Look (KEN) less and perceive (KAN) more.

METSUKE, KOUYOU NO
Lit. "Seeing the autumn leaves." If ones fixes sight to a leaf, he is unable to see the whole tree.

METSUKE, SEMUI NO
Lit. "Eyes of a Buddha." Omniscient, all companionate, eyes of the Buddha.

MIKIRI
Lit. "Acute observation." Judge the path of opponent's sword and able to barely dodge it the moment it arrives.

MUNEN MUSOU
Lit. "Without contemplation, without thought." State of concentration and focus. See ZANMAI and MUSHIN.

MUSHIN
Lit. "No tought." State of complete focus. See MUNEN MUSOU and ZANMAI.

REI NI HAJIMARI REI NI OWARU, KENDO WA
Lit. "KENDO begins with REI and ends with REI." Importance of courtesy and respect.

RINKI OUHEN
Lit. "Flexible in situations." Be flexible and adaptive.

SANKAKU KU
Lit. "Triangle." Use the triangle that forms with the eye, navel, and KENSEN. Triangle is a strong geometric form.

SANMAI
See ZANMAI.

SAN SATSU HO
Lit. "Three killing rule." Before striking, nullify the opponent's will (KI), sword and WAZA. Comes from ITTO-RYU. Also read SAN SAPPOU.

SAYA NO UCHI
Lit. "Within the scabbard." Ability to overcome the opponent without drawing the sword.

SAZA UKI
Lit. "Left sit, right stand." Proper way to sit is from the left knee, and to stand is from the right foot.

SEN, MITTSU NO
Lit. "Three firsts." Three ways to defeat the opponent. SENSEN NO SEN captures the moment the opponent begins a WAZA (KEN NO SEN by Musashi); SENZEN NO SEN captures the opportunity just before opponent's sword reaches (TAI NO SEN by Musashi); SENGO NO SEN or GO NO SEN parries the opponent's WAZA (TAI TAI NO SEN by Musashi).

SENRI NO MICHI MO IPPO KARA
Lit. "Journey on the 1,000-RI road begins with the first step." One RI = 3.9 km. A long path such as study of KENDO begins with the first step.

SHIKAI
Lit. "Four prohibitions." States of mind that must be overcome: KYO (startle, surprise), KU (fear), GI (doubt), WAKU (indecision).

SHIMUJA
Lit. "Thought without taint." Pure, honest state of mind. See MEIKYO SHISUI.

SHIN KI RYOKU NO ITCHI
Lit. "Mind, spirit and strength are one." More powerful and perfect KENDO is possible when mind, spirit and strength are united.

SHINOGI WO KEZURU
Lit. "Shave the SHINOGI." Describes the ferocity of a fight.

SHISHIN
Lit. "Stoped mind." Mind must not be affixed or obsessed to a part, otherwise the whole can not be seen. Looking at a leaf, one is unable to see the tree. See HOUSHIN.

SHOSHIN WASURERU BEKARAZU
Lit. "Never forget the heart of a novice." From Zeami (Noh artist). As one progresses in the art, he should remember the earnest humble attitude he had as a novice.

SHU HA RI
Lit. "Protect; burst; depart." Stages of learning. First, listen carefully and follow instructions faithfully (1-3 DAN); second, apply the fundamentals and learn variations (4-6 DAN); finally, depart from the mold and develop one's own paradigm (7+ DAN).

SHUMOKU ASHI
Lit. "Bell hammer feet." Improper stance at CHUDAN with left toe pointing out like a T-shaped bell hammer.

TAICHU KEN, KENCHU TAI
Lit. "Within wait is attacking, within attack is waiting." See KEN TAI ITCHI.

UKOU MUKOU
Lit. "With form, without form." From Musashi. KAMAE is not only a physical stance, but varies according to situation, like the shape of water in various vessels. The physical KAMAE is like a castle but needs a capable Lord within.

YURUSANU TOKORO, MITTSU NO
Lit. "Three unforgivables." Three fundamental opportunities: (1) OKORI GASHIRA (opponent is about to move), (2) WAZA NO TSUKITA TOKORO (opponent's WAZA is completed), (3) ITSUKU TOKORO (opponent is hesitant or frozen due to fatigue or indecision).

ZANMAI
State of complete focus, concentration, achievement. From Buddism. Also read SANMAI. See MUNEN MUSOU and MUSHIN.

ZANSHIN
Lit. "Remaining/continuing heart." State of alertness, especially after a WAZA. Vigilance.

REFERENCES


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For more information please Dick Teshima or Terry Ueno

Last updated October 9, 2002